2. Natural Minor Scale
The major scale has the pattern: W-W-H-W-W-W-H. It represents eight intervals from the tonic to each diatonic pitch: the perfect 1st, major 2nd, major 3rd, perfect 4th, perfect 5th, major 6th, major 7th, and perfect 8th. The natural minor scale, on the other hand, unfolds the pattern WHOLE-HALF-WHOLE-WHOLE-HALF-WHOLE-WHOLE. Its intervals from the tonic to the diatonic pitch are the Perfect 1st, Major 2nd, Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th, Perfect 5th, Minor 6th, Minor 7th, and Perfect 8th. This is one reason a minor scale sounds ‘minor’ – there are more minor intervals compared with a major scale.